Idiberug (Svingerud) Runestone (100 CE)

This text is being claimed as the earliest runestone yet found and it is fairly well dated to between 1 and 250 CE.. This letter style is almost identical to that found in Alpine Celtic dated between 500 and 300 BCE. Alpine Celtic dates are not grounded in carbon 14 dating like this example but are assumed to be later because the Roman conquest was assumed to have eliminated their culture (but maybe not).

From Wikimedia commons. Letter assignments added by Olmsted

Idiberug Rune Stone (100 CE) from University of Oslo, Norway
Photo from Historical Museum at the University of Oslo, Norway. The scholars there claim this is just the name of "idiberug." Names are not a translation! They are just an arbitrary sting of letters sounded out.


In the autumn of 2021, archaeologists of the Museum of Cultural History investigated a grave field by Tyrifjorden in Ringerike in Norway. In one of the graves, they discovered a stone with several runic inscriptions. Burnt bones and charcoal from the grave reveal that the runes were inscribed between the years 1 and 250 AD. This makes it the earliest known rune stone. Now at the Historical Museum at the University of Oslo

Translation of Top (Right) Row in Akkadian (Celt Text 6)

(read right to left. Capital letters on object. Small letters are inferred Inner vowels)Mix of Etruscan and Aegean Island
  1. ŠiGu  Ṣu  IMu  Su  Ku  NaRu 

In English

  1. Conflict is activating looney emotions due to the culling


From Historical Museum at the University of Oslo, Norway. Online at: