Vimose Comb (150 CE)

Comb from Vimose Denmark (150 CE)

(Jan 31, 2023) This is also a candidate for the earliest runic inscription.

Translation of Top (Right) Row in Akkadian (Rune Text 1)

(read left to right! Capital letters on object. Small letters are inferred Inner vowels)Mix of Etruscan and Aegean Island
  1. ḪaRu  Ṣu  Pu

In English

  1. The liver is activating the Openings

The liver was thought to be the source of motion/emotion in animals during ancient times. These were the magical powers  so this comb must have been used in fertility rituals involving the opening of life form. Typically this involved bringing order to the life network by combing it. The earliest Minoan Linear A inscription in the Levant is also on a comb.

For Comparison: Minoan Linear A Ivory Comb Text from Lachish Israel (1400 BCE)

(November 21, 2022)

Text in Akkadian Linear A

(Read right to left)
  1. [                     ] Gi
  2. Q AKu [ 2 ]P Ḫi          -  (P has no vertical handle, Ḫi is more image based than normal for this time and likely is the missing Phaistos Disk version)
  3. ŠiGi ṢMa Q  Ki Q‘ N    -  (notice the small vertical line on the Ṣ which is a merger of Linear A styles)

Text Translated into English

  1. ……. emotional-energy
  2. Life-threads, emotion-owls [2 unreadable words ] Hu-powers
  3. Conflict is dehydrating the threads due to envy of the Revealer (Yahu)

Shin (Ṣ) and Sade (Š) sounds in Alphabetic Akkadian are reversed from Hebrew, a fact which seems to be reflected in the Shibboleth story of Judges 12:6.


  1. The only word remaining in this line indicates the text is talking about magical emotional energy. Feelings are what was transmitted to the divine realm.
  2. Hu is the connective masculine life power who was represented by the sun. At a deeper level he represented the life network which transmitted life powers (fertility fluids) to the earth from the divine realm. Emotion owls are the mechanism in which emotion magic affects this life network (life-threads). This line is missing its verb so we do not know what sort of interaction is happening.
  3. The root cause of some drought are the feelings of envy in the population which is driving conflict. The target of this envy or anger is Yahu to when triggered by the fertility fluids reveals and manifests the invisible life-forms. A common epithet for Yahu is "Revealer." The "power of Yahu" is "Yahweh."


Daniel Vainstub, Madeleine Mumcuoglu, Michael G. Hasel, Katherine M. Hesler, Miriam Lavi, Rivka Rabinovich, Yuval Goren and Yosef Garfinkel (2022). A Canaanite’s Wish to Eradicate Lice on an Inscribed Ivory Comb from Lachish. Jerusalem Journal of Archaeology 2: 76–119. ISSN: 2788-8819;; https://jjar.huji.Also online at: