Athenian Coins (512 BCE on)

Athenian coins
Athenian coins
Top image shows the two types of Athenian coins which started to be minted after 512 BCE. The text is Alphabetic Akkadian A'E meaning "motion Power." This owl is thus the emotion owl called Aku in Akkadian.
Because the glottal stop letter Ayin (') does not exit in  Greek it came to be pronounced /th/ here which turns out to be the hermaphrodite deity Thu who represents the connective motion power of the Ancient Pagan Paradigm. Thu is shown on the other side of the coin. Thu came to be called Athena which literally means "those Thu powers" in Akkadian from A.Th.E.
Photos from NG coins at:
owl at the Acropolis museum in Athens
Bottom photo shows the owl at the Acropolis museum in Athens (Olmsted photo 2019)

Owl as Power of Connective Deity - Athu, Athe or Athena

(July 3, 2022) Greek culture was a mix of Akkadian farmer and Indo-European Invader cultures and the attempted reconciliation of those two cultures gave Greek culture its dynamism. The following is the Alphabetic Akkadian Lexicon entry for spiritual motion-powers (Olmsted Jan 1 2022):

A’ or ‘W or AW or ‘A or AA (after 500 BCE) [Akkadian a’û] motion space, motion-powers (a’u + i) (noun), motion empowered (adj), to motion-empower – One of the two classes of divine powers of the Ancient Pagan Paradigm. Motion powers cause all translational movement on earth and also causes the life network’s fertility fluids to flow. The fertility-fluid pushers are the divine owls (Aku emotion owls and Hu’u astrological owls). Its source is the masculine full moon Su. Its sub-powers are: IM - emotional powers and IR - astrological powers. Their respective magic crafters are: AMR - "seer" or "astrologer" and R’, RY - shepherd. The other class is the life-growth powers (D from du). The ayin sign by itself as a round circle can symbolically represent the moon allowing the sign to be used in isolation. The Athenians personified this power class and slurred the ayin (‘) as the goddess Athe (Aleph-Ayin-He) or Athene (Aleph Ayin Nun) meaning “motion power” and “motion-powers” respectively. 

Top image shows the archaic era Athenian coin appearing in 512 BCE. These coins were characterized by their thick, compact planchets. They were introduced by the Athenian king Hippias and supported by a seemingly limitless supply of silver from the newly discovered silver mines at nearby Laurium. Notice the olive branch behind the owl which was the source of Athens' prosperity prior to its silver mine. The owl image represents the magical divine powers of motion while the goddess Athena is the personification of those powers. Only the owl side has text which is not Greek but instead is Alphabetic Akkadian and its simply says "motion-powers."

Lower photo at top shows the classic era Athenian coin minted after 450 BCE. This coin better shows the letters which are Aleph, Ayin, and He or "A'e" which is the Akkadian word for “motion powers” in which /e/ is the suffix used indicating the divine entity is a power and not a person. (Olmsted Jan. 1, 2022). Notice the addition of the crescent moon behind the owl showing Athena was  acquiring the life powers of the goddess Ayu in an ongoing lordification process.

Athu can also be read as "this Thu" from A.Th and Athe from A.Th.E. as "this Thu power" or "this is Thu power."


Olmsted, D.D. (January 14, 2021) Translation of Calf-Bearer Text from Pre-Parthenon Athens in Alphabetic Akkadian References Drought (499 BCE). Humanities Commons Permanent URL: Online at:
Olmsted, D.D (January 1, 2022) Mediterranean Akkadian Lexicon 3rd Edition – 2022. DOI Permanent URL: Online at:

Coins Found in the Levant Dating to Around 500 BCE


In Akkadian

(read top to bottom (right to left)
  1. [Ḫ]u’u  IWu  E

In English

  1. Astrological-Owls redirect nothing


Gitler, Haim (2011 ) The Earliest Coin of Judah. In Israel Numismatic Research. Published by the Israel Numismatic Society, Volume 6


In Akkadian

  1. Ḫu’u  IWu  A

In English

  1. Astrological-owls redirect this