High Place in Sardinia (3200 BC)

High place alter at Monte d'Accoddi Sardinia
View of the partly reconstructed high place. The top layer on the left side of this platform has been reconstructed while the bottom layer has only been reconstructed on the right. This site is located on the plains in the northwest corner of Sardinia.
Map of northern Sardinia showing Monte d'Accoddi
Topographic map of Ottava river valley showing Monte d'Accoddi
Topographic map showing the high place of D'Accoddi located on a bluff 500 feet away and 100 feet above the small Ottava river valley where it widens as it exits the highlands. Along this river exist about 30 other ancient stone constructions as it traverses the coastal plain.
The map shows: 1. Nuragheddu of Li Pedriazzi; 2. Subterranean Necropolis Su Crucifissu Mannu; 3.Subterranean Necropolis Li Lioni; 4. Nuraghe La Camusina; 5. Nuraghe La Luzzana of Chercu; 6. Nuraghe Figga; 7. Nuraghe Cherchi; 8. Villa romana Ponte Giogante; 9. Nuraghe Ferro; 10. Subterranean Necropolis Monte d’Accoddi; 11. Monte d’Accoddi, prehistoric settlement; 12. Menhir Monted’Accoddi; 13. Hypogeum of Marinaru; 14. Subterranean Necropolis of Ponte Secco; 15. Menhir Frades Muros; 16. Dolmen Frades Muros; 17. Subterranean Necropolis Su Jaiu; 18. Subterranean Necropolis Sant’Ambrogio; 19. Subterranean Necropolis of Spina Santa. (from Delfino 2000)

High Place of Monte d'Accoddi

(July 9, 2022) This sacred site was built prior as Stonehenge and it is the cultural connection between Mesopotamia and the Etruscan lands of northern Italy and the Atlantic coast Europe. This built near the same time as the earliest pyramids in Mesopotamia and Egypt. This site is part of the island's Ozieri culture and it has close cultural similarities to the Neolithic culture of Ireland and Britain.

This platform has a base of 27 m by 27 m and it probably reached a height of 5.5 m. It culminated in a platform of about 12.5 m by 7.2 m, accessible via a ramp. No chambers or entrances to the mound have been found, leading to the presumption it was an altar, a temple or a step pyramid.

Archaeological excavations have identified some 200 Ozieri sites, located both in plain and mountain areas, but with a preference for low ridges, and largely organized around an economy of Hunter-gatherers mixed with an initial presence of husbandry and agriculture. The settlements consisted of small stone huts, with a circular (rarely rectangular) wall supporting a wooden frame with a ceiling of boughs.

One settlement near Sestu, consisted of 60 huts. Another, near Mogoro included 267 huts with pavements composed of limestone slabs, basalt cobbles or clay. Su Coddu, the largest known settlement, consisted of more complex structures and multiple room dwellings. It is located near Selargius and it has been partially built over by modern development limiting the present understanding of its size. The finding of unique tools and objects in individual huts, and early evidence of metal-working, suggests the Ozieri culture was well organized and specialized.

The villages had no walls, and findings of weapons in the tombs are scarce, indicating the Ozieri civilization was perhaps a peaceful one, very different from the later Nuragic civilization.

The tombs consisted of rock-cut hypogeous structures that later became known as domus de janas, which were built underground or in rock faces, with the largest example being the Necropolis of Anghelu Ruju. Some tombs, of more monumental appearance, belonged perhaps to chiefs, in the fashion of those in Crete. The Ozieri burial practices differ from what is found in the region of Gallura (as a feature of the contemporaneous Arzachena culture), where the dead were interred in Megalithic circles.

The pottery was decorated in spiral similar to that found at Newgrange, Ireland. Their pottery techniques seem to have been imported from the Cyclades and Crete. The Ozieri culture appears to have been much involved in the obsidian trade due to rich deposits on the island.


Dyson, Stephen L.; Rowland, Robert J. (2007). Archaeology and History in Sardinia from the Stone Age to the Middle Ages. University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology. pp. 35–41. Online at: https://www.google.com/books/edition/Archaeology_and_History_in_Sardinia_from/fw4XuEbKnQwC?hl=en&gbpv=1&pg=PA35-7&printsec=frontcover
Delfino, Carlo (editor) (2000) Prehistoric Altar of Monte D'Accoddi. Online at: https://web.archive.org/web/20130412202452/http://www.sardegnadigitallibrary.it/documenti/17_59_20080723124031.pdf
Early dolmen in Sardinia


This stone slab has shallow pits suggesting this was used as an altar. This pits held loose grains or liquids and may even have functioned as a pestle to prepare these offerings. This sorts of pits are first seen in a Natufian Cave (13,000-9,500 BCE) in Israel which is part of the homeland of these Neolithic Farmers.
Earliest Building Stage of Monte d'Accoddi

Earliest Building Stage of Monte d'Accoddi

This early altar and the ruins of associated support buildings date to about 3200-2900 B.C.) according to tree-ring corrected carbon 14 dating. This places it in the local Ozieri culture.
The building on the top had plastered wall and floor painted red hence it is called the "red temple." Red was the correspondence color to life. The preserved wall height is shown in the drawing with an imagined wooden roof.
Later Second Building Stage of Monte d'Accoddi

Later Second Building Stage of Monte d'Accoddi

The more recent altar was built several centuries after the first and belongs to the local Copper-Age Abealzu-Filigosa culture dating to 2700-2400 BCE.
Altar Drawings Monte d'Accoddi

Altar Drawings Monte d'Accoddi

Right side drawings (A) show the large altar and its pits. This altar had a associated underground space apparently robbed in the past which would have held sacred objects of power.
The top left side drawing (C) shows the smaller and earlier altar found adjacent to the right side of the ramp and associated with the earliest stage of construction. It is made out of trachyte, a light colored, fine-grained igneous rock.
The bottom right side drawing (B) shows the unique side pit of the large altar which exited through the side. Fluids poured into the top would have poured out the side into a pottery vessel of some type.

View of High Place Before Reconstruction Looking SW Towards the Winter Setting Sun

This photo shows the excavated support buildings on the left. The ramp is offset from center suggesting it was aimed at some feature on the horizon to mark the winter solstice (Delfino 2000)

Subterranean Necropolis of Ponte Secco Tombs

Map of Necropolis of Ponte Secco (Sassari) Tomb IIA

Necropolis of Ponte Secco (Sassari) Tomb IIA

Number 14 on the map. (Delfino 2000)
Ponte Secco Tomb 4 pillar with sculpted relief of rain bringing chaotic bull
Ponte Secco Tomb 4 has a pillar which seem to show a sculpted relief of the rain bringing chaotic bull (Horned god) (Delfino 2000)
Goddess Hecate Statuette Found at Ponte Secco Tomb (3200 - 2700 BCE)

Goddess Hekate Found at Ponte Secco Tomb (3200 - 2700 BCE)

Found in the Subterranean Necropolis of Ponte Secco: Tomb II. This is the life source goddess of the Druid pantheon (Ancient Pagan Paradigm) who represented the underground locations holding dead spirits.
Original in (Delfino 2000)
Necropolis of Ponte Secco (Sassari) Tomb IIA Buttons and Brassard

Necropolis of Ponte Secco (Sassari) Tomb IIA Buttons and Brassard

This were likely part of some cloth grave goods (Delfino 2000)
Entrance to Ponte Secco tomb showing bull heads
Entrance to Ponte Secco tomb showing bull heads on the left column. This is the chaotic rain bringing bull (horned god) of the Druid pantheon (Ancient Pagan Paradigm). (Delfino 2000)

Subterranean Necropolis of Marinaru (Sassari) Tombs

omb I or “Tomb Amorelli” Showing Find Locations

Tomb I or “Tomb Amorelli” Showing Find Locations

: floor plan andfinds (1, 2, 3: decorated “campaniform” vases ; 8: small “cicladic” idol). (Delfino 2000)
Goddess Selene figurine from Necropolis of Marinaru in Sardinia

Probably Goddess Sele (Selene) Figurine

Sele represents is the magical motion source goddess of the Druid pantheon. She represented the heavenly bodies and dead spirits themselves. She is normally shown with upraised arms. (Picture from Delfino 2000)
Pottery from Necropolis of Marinaru in Sardinia

Pottery Examples Dates Tomb to 3800 BCE

Top image shows pottery examples which represent the transition from the earliest Neolithic Pottery to the Beaker (Ozieri) Culture Pottery of the lower image. These pottery dates confirm the carbon 14 dating. (Delfino 2000)
Entrance to Necropolis of Montessu Tombs in Southern Sardinia

Entrance to Necropolis of Montessu Tombs in Southern Sardinia

Necropolis of Montessu is located near town of Villaperuccio in southern Sardinia.The entrances are the black dots half way up the hill (by Enrico Spanu from https://www.sardegnaturismo.it/en/explore/necropolis-montessu)
Faint Spirals on Necropolis of Montessu Tomb Walls in Sardinia (3400-2700 BCE)

Faint Spirals on Necropolis of Montessu Tomb Walls in Sardinia (3400-2700 BCE)

Necropolis of Montessu is located near town of Villaperuccio in southern Sardinia.
Photo from Sardinian Blog by Alexandra and Jurgen at https://www.sardinien.blog/2017/domus-de-janas-montessu/
Spirals on a Bull Platform in  Necropolis of Montessu Tomb Sardinia (3400-2700)

Spirals on a Bull Platform in Necropolis of Montessu Tomb Sardinia (3400-2700)

Notice the spirals in 4 layers in 2 columns similar to the 3 layers in 2 columns of the Druid Ancient Pagan Paradigm. What is represented by the additional layer? Perhaps the under-dome region of Selene/Hekate given the emphasis of the Sardinians on caves
Photo by Nicola Costangia via https://twitter.com/serbiaireland/status/1553386194704146433/photo/1

Goddess Hekate from Middle Neolithic Sardinia

Found at necropolis of "Cuccuru S'Arrius"
On display at the National Archaeological Museum Cagliari of https://museoarcheocagliari.beniculturali.it/reperti/r20s09-90/
Photo from Angel M. Felicisimo via https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:R20S09-90_(52319225595).jpg

The Nuragic Civilization of Bronze Age Sardinia by Dan Davis

An excellent overview of ancient Sardinian history. Latest genetic information indicates the native Neolithic famer Sardinians repulsed the Indo-European invaders but at the cost of their culture becoming much more militant.