High Place in Sardinia (3200 BC)
The map shows: 1. Nuragheddu of Li Pedriazzi; 2. Subterranean Necropolis Su Crucifissu Mannu; 3.Subterranean Necropolis Li Lioni; 4. Nuraghe La Camusina; 5. Nuraghe La Luzzana of Chercu; 6. Nuraghe Figga; 7. Nuraghe Cherchi; 8. Villa romana Ponte Giogante; 9. Nuraghe Ferro; 10. Subterranean Necropolis Monte d’Accoddi; 11. Monte d’Accoddi, prehistoric settlement; 12. Menhir Monted’Accoddi; 13. Hypogeum of Marinaru; 14. Subterranean Necropolis of Ponte Secco; 15. Menhir Frades Muros; 16. Dolmen Frades Muros; 17. Subterranean Necropolis Su Jaiu; 18. Subterranean Necropolis Sant’Ambrogio; 19. Subterranean Necropolis of Spina Santa. (from Delfino 2000)
High Place of Monte d'Accoddi
(July 9, 2022) This sacred site was built prior as Stonehenge and it is the cultural connection between Mesopotamia and the Etruscan lands of northern Italy and the Atlantic coast Europe. This built near the same time as the earliest pyramids in Mesopotamia and Egypt. This site is part of the island's Ozieri culture and it has close cultural similarities to the Neolithic culture of Ireland and Britain.
This platform has a base of 27 m by 27 m and it probably reached a height of 5.5 m. It culminated in a platform of about 12.5 m by 7.2 m, accessible via a ramp. No chambers or entrances to the mound have been found, leading to the presumption it was an altar, a temple or a step pyramid.
Archaeological excavations have identified some 200 Ozieri sites, located both in plain and mountain areas, but with a preference for low ridges, and largely organized around an economy of Hunter-gatherers mixed with an initial presence of husbandry and agriculture. The settlements consisted of small stone huts, with a circular (rarely rectangular) wall supporting a wooden frame with a ceiling of boughs.
One settlement near Sestu, consisted of 60 huts. Another, near Mogoro included 267 huts with pavements composed of limestone slabs, basalt cobbles or clay. Su Coddu, the largest known settlement, consisted of more complex structures and multiple room dwellings. It is located near Selargius and it has been partially built over by modern development limiting the present understanding of its size. The finding of unique tools and objects in individual huts, and early evidence of metal-working, suggests the Ozieri culture was well organized and specialized.
The villages had no walls, and findings of weapons in the tombs are scarce, indicating the Ozieri civilization was perhaps a peaceful one, very different from the later Nuragic civilization.
The tombs consisted of rock-cut hypogeous structures that later became known as domus de janas, which were built underground or in rock faces, with the largest example being the Necropolis of Anghelu Ruju. Some tombs, of more monumental appearance, belonged perhaps to chiefs, in the fashion of those in Crete. The Ozieri burial practices differ from what is found in the region of Gallura (as a feature of the contemporaneous Arzachena culture), where the dead were interred in Megalithic circles.
The pottery was decorated in spiral similar to that found at Newgrange, Ireland. Their pottery techniques seem to have been imported from the Cyclades and Crete. The Ozieri culture appears to have been much involved in the obsidian trade due to rich deposits on the island.
ReferencesDyson, Stephen L.; Rowland, Robert J. (2007). Archaeology and History in Sardinia from the Stone Age to the Middle Ages. University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology. pp. 35–41. Online at: https://www.google.com/books/edition/Archaeology_and_History_in_Sardinia_from/fw4XuEbKnQwC?hl=en&gbpv=1&pg=PA35-7&printsec=frontcover
Delfino, Carlo (editor) (2000) Prehistoric Altar of Monte D'Accoddi. Online at: https://web.archive.org/web/20130412202452/http://www.sardegnadigitallibrary.it/documenti/17_59_20080723124031.pdf
High Place of Monte d'Accoddi
Menhir (standing stone) like that Found in Ireland
Earliest Building Stage of Monte d'Accoddi
The building on the top had plastered wall and floor painted red hence it is called the "red temple." Red was the correspondence color to life. The preserved wall height is shown in the drawing with an imagined wooden roof.
Later Second Building Stage of Monte d'Accoddi
Altar Drawings Monte d'Accoddi
The top left side drawing (C) shows the smaller and earlier altar found adjacent to the right side of the ramp and associated with the earliest stage of construction. It is made out of trachyte, a light colored, fine-grained igneous rock.
The bottom right side drawing (B) shows the unique side pit of the large altar which exited through the side. Fluids poured into the top would have poured out the side into a pottery vessel of some type.
View of High Place Before Reconstruction Looking SW Towards the Winter Setting Sun
Sardinian Ozieri Pottery with Spirals Like Newgrange, Ireland
Subterranean Necropolis of Ponte Secco Tombs
Necropolis of Ponte Secco (Sassari) Tomb IIA
Goddess Hekate Found at Ponte Secco Tomb (3200 - 2700 BCE)
Original in (Delfino 2000)
Necropolis of Ponte Secco (Sassari) Tomb IIA Buttons and Brassard
Subterranean Necropolis of Marinaru (Sassari) Tombs
Tomb I or “Tomb Amorelli” Showing Find Locations
Probably Goddess Sele (Selene) Figurine
Pottery Examples Dates Tomb to 3800 BCE
Entrance to Necropolis of Montessu Tombs in Southern Sardinia
Faint Spirals on Necropolis of Montessu Tomb Walls in Sardinia (3400-2700 BCE)
Photo from Sardinian Blog by Alexandra and Jurgen at https://www.sardinien.blog/2017/domus-de-janas-montessu/
Spirals on a Bull Platform in Necropolis of Montessu Tomb Sardinia (3400-2700)
Photo by Nicola Costangia via https://twitter.com/serbiaireland/status/1553386194704146433/photo/1
Goddess Hekate from Middle Neolithic Sardinia
On display at the National Archaeological Museum Cagliari of https://museoarcheocagliari.beniculturali.it/reperti/r20s09-90/
Photo from Angel M. Felicisimo via https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:R20S09-90_(52319225595).jpg
The Nuragic Civilization of Bronze Age Sardinia by Dan Davis
An excellent overview of ancient Sardinian history. Latest genetic information indicates the native Neolithic famer Sardinians repulsed the Indo-European invaders but at the cost of their culture becoming much more militant.