Druid Ritual Combs

Comb from Vimose Denmark (150 CE)

(Jan 31, 2023) This is also a candidate for the earliest runic inscription. Vimose is a city on on the island of Funen, Denmark. This comb is now at the National Museum of Denmark.

Translation of Top (Right) Row in Akkadian (Rune Text 1)

(read left to right! Capital letters on object. Small letters are inferred Inner vowels)Mix of Etruscan and Aegean Island
  1. ḪaRu  Ṣu  Pu

In English

  1. The liver is activating the Openings

The liver was thought to be the source of motion/emotion in animals during ancient times. These were the magical powers  so this comb must have been used in fertility rituals involving the opening of life form. Typically this involved bringing order to the life network by combing it. The earliest Minoan Linear A inscription in the Levant is also on a comb.

For Comparison: Minoan Linear A Ivory Comb Text from Lachish Israel (1400 BCE)

(November 21, 2022)

Text in Akkadian Linear A

(Read right to left)
  1. [                     ] Gi
  2. Q AKu [ 2 ]P Ḫi          -  (P has no vertical handle, Ḫi is more image based than normal for this time and likely is the missing Phaistos Disk version)
  3. ŠiGi ṢMa Q  Ki Q‘ N    -  (notice the small vertical line on the Ṣ which is a merger of Linear A styles)

Text Translated into English

  1. ……. emotional-energy
  2. Life-threads, emotion-owls [2 unreadable words ] Hu-powers
  3. Conflict is dehydrating the threads due to envy of the Revealer (Yahu)

Shin (Ṣ) and Sade (Š) sounds in Alphabetic Akkadian are reversed from Hebrew, a fact which seems to be reflected in the Shibboleth story of Judges 12:6.


  1. The only word remaining in this line indicates the text is talking about magical emotional energy. Feelings are what was transmitted to the divine realm.
  2. Hu is the connective masculine life power who was represented by the sun. At a deeper level he represented the life network which transmitted life powers (fertility fluids) to the earth from the divine realm. Emotion owls are the mechanism in which emotion magic affects this life network (life-threads). This line is missing its verb so we do not know what sort of interaction is happening.
  3. The root cause of some drought are the feelings of envy in the population which is driving conflict. The target of this envy or anger is Yahu to when triggered by the fertility fluids reveals and manifests the invisible life-forms. A common epithet for Yahu is "Revealer." The "power of Yahu" is "Yahweh."


Daniel Vainstub, Madeleine Mumcuoglu, Michael G. Hasel, Katherine M. Hesler, Miriam Lavi, Rivka Rabinovich, Yuval Goren and Yosef Garfinkel (2022). A Canaanite’s Wish to Eradicate Lice on an Inscribed Ivory Comb from Lachish. Jerusalem Journal of Archaeology 2: 76–119. ISSN: 2788-8819; https://doi.org/10.52486/01.00002.4; https://jjar.huji.Also online at: https://www.academia.edu/88746893/Daniel_Vainstub_Madeleine_Mumcuoglu_Michael_G_Hasel_Katherine_M_Hesler_Miriam_Lavi_Rivka_Rabinovich_Yuval_Goren_and_Yosef_Garfinkel_A_Canaanites_Wish_to_Eradicate_Lice_on_an_Inscribed_Ivory_Comb_from_Lachish
Etruscan tomb of Shields corner paintings showing hermaphrodite deity Thu being affectionate with a life power god
Corner of the Tomb of Shields near Tarquinia after restoration having two images of the hermaphrodite deity Thu being affectionate with a life power god. Photo by Domenico-Ventura (2018)
Etruscan tomb of Shields painting showing hermaphrodite deity Thu being affectionate with a life power god
Close-up of scene 2 showing Thu with female breasts and male genitalia.

Etruscan "Tomb of Shields" Mentions Combing

(Sept. 17, 2022) A corner in the Tomb of Shields at Tarquinia has two images of the hermaphrodite deity Thu being affectionate with some life-power god. Promoting coherency between motion and life powers is the main theme of the text. Because Etruscan texts are read right to left the image on the right wall of the corner was meant to be read first. It reads in Akkadian (justification below):

Right Scene (Med Text 20.3)

  1. The Opener (goddess Ayu) is elevating Thu and the Life-Powers. Life-powers are coherent with affection from the veil (astrological source of motion power).
  2. The Opener is elevating that coherency. Divine anger is being revealed by Ayu.

Left Scene (Med Text 20.4)

  1. [ ] This does not bring the divine. This does not bring children : In a similar way these things have been eliminated : The lack is not from expulsion by the emotion-powers. The lack is not from the veiling of similar astrological-powers. The lack of activity (life growth) is from eliminating the nourishments (fertility-fluids). The lack does not bring associations .....
  2. The prodding-sticks (motion-sources) have not brought activity (life-growth). Alu is lacking that. The Divine is being veiled by the lack. In a similar way these things have been eliminated. Life-Powers are nourished by astrological-powers. Emotions have been made miserable by Yahu's (I'u) eliminations. Those are nourished by activity (life growth). Emotions are not the same as motion-powers....
  3. Considerations (focused emotions) do not bring nourishments (fertility-fluids). Anger energizes the Reed-Boat (Ayu). The Controllers nourish activity. Their fertility-fluids nourish the Divine. The combing is not lacking. The combing is from the Reed-Boat (Ayu) : [ ] : The eliminations are lacking wind. That is not dehydrating the nourishments. …. Wind-powers … Is veiling the life-powers
  4. [ ] does not bring nourishments. Coherency is not associating Yahu (E') and the life-powers : None of the fathers (life-priests) [ ]. Coherency can eliminate immobility. Those lack Ayu. [word] nourishes motion-powers. Astrological-Powers ...
  5. Don't nourish Thu. Immobility is from the lack of coherency. It is not from activity (life growth). Life-powers are energized by magic. Hu is being blocked by ...  Yahu (YA). Endurance brings consistency. Life-powers are frustrated by the nest (network).
  6. This is energizing the fertility-fluids for Yahu (IH, YH). Yahu (E') does not bring nourishments. Yahu is devoted to the moon-eye. Magic is drying the same. (network). Openings [ ]. The Reed-Boat (Ayu) does not bring the threads. Magic constrains activity. Impatience does not bring activity. The baking ....
  7. Thu is not nourished by the high-powers ....

Bottom Label

  1. Lacking this divine-power 
  2. the Opener (Ayu) is elevating their coherency.


Domenico-Ventura, C (2018) for FAI - FONDO PER L'AMBIENTE ITALIANO. Online at: https://fondoambiente.it/news/torna-splendere-la-tomba-degli-scudi-di-tarquinia-vt/