Ancient Pagan Paradigm

Below is a chart summarizing the Three-Layered Ancient Pagan Paradigm as it once existed throughout the first farming cultures of Eurasia. This chart was constructed from information found in the oldest texts and from recent archaeological findings. These early texts are Sumerian texts (2300-2000 BCE), Alphabetic Akkadian Mediterranean texts (2000-400 BCE), and Egyptian Pyramid texts (2300-2100 BCE). 

The Ancient Pagan Paradigm is divided into two power classes. The life-growth class generates the growth of living things while the motion class generates all translational motion. Information on the motion class mostly comes from the trading-focused Minoans, Phoenicians, and Etruscans.  

(September 7, 2023) The Druid word view (Ancient Pagan Paradigm) in stone. This is the entrance stone (labeled as K1) to the Newgrange mound tomb in Ireland dating to 3100 BCE. To the right are the life powers while the triple-spiral (triskelion) on the left represent the magical motion powers. These vortices are emerging out of a background of spiritual powers in general. The life powers consist of 3 layers of masculine and feminine deities. The layers are source powers, connective powers, and manifestation powers. The motion powers merge the genders. The motion connective power is the hermaphrodite deity Thu. The motion source deity/deities are the bright and dark (new) moon. The motion manifestation deity/deities are winds and breath.

Photo from

Three layered spirals/vortices from Minoan Crete

Three Layers of the Ancient Pagan Paradigm Represented by Three Minoan Vortices  (1800 BCE)

This lintel is on display at the Minoan Heraklion Museum in Crete. It shows the three vortex layers of the Ancient Pagan Paradigm going through the sky shell.   (Olmsted personal photo 2019)
2300 BCE Cuneiform sign KEŠ2 meaning "to bind."

Three Layered Sumerian Cuneiform Sign KEŠ2

The Mesopotamian Akkadians adopted cuneiform signs from their southern neighbors known as the Sumerians. This is their cuneiform sign KEŠ2 which means "to bind." It dates to 2300 BCE.
This sign has all three life layers of the Ancient Pagan Paradigm. The cuneiform signs during this early era were still mostly pictographic so they can still be read symbolically.
The top sign is a star which is the sign for the sound AN which as a symbol represents the sky shell or the life source powers which when personified represents the god Anu. The second sign is a storage pot with a toga inside representing “woven fabric” or the “network.” By itself it is the sound GAD. The bottom sign by itself means "earth" and it is the sound KI. It consists of a pot containing a cluster of vertical lines divine powers. Pots represented confined spaces.  
Knowth Ritual Macehead (Scepter) with spiral/vortex and network from Boyne Valley Ireland

Knowth Ritual Macehead (Scepter) from Boyne Valley Ireland Shows Paired and Single Spirals (Vortices)

Spirals or vortices represent a clustering of divine powers into a deity just like how a fluid vortex in a river cluster fluids into one spot.
This polished flint macehead was found on September 1, 1982 in the eastern tomb at Knowth in the Boyne river valley. It was found near the door to the right room under a large shale floor tile. The central main mound in which it was found was dated by carbon 14 to be about 2800 BCE. The smaller eastern mound is assumed to be of a slightly later date of around 3000 BCE.
The paired (also called horned) spirals represent the feminine and masculine paired deities of the life class of powers while the single represents the cross-gender motion class of powers.
Image from British Museum presentation by Alison Sheridan entitled "Exploring the Wider World of Stonehenge: Long Distance Connections and Movements" at 1:03:14.