About Sumerian Text Section

Facade from the temple at the Sumerian city of Uruk showing alternate AN and INANNA reliefs. Both are holding a bag of something. Between them is a pair of water streams (rain) dropping down onto the earth's sky shell. One stream probably represents rain while the other represents water from underground springs.
This facade is on display at the National Museum of Iraq (another section is at the Berlin Museum). Photo from  Indrosphere blog by Judhajit and Indrajit Roy Choudhury. Online at: https://indroyc.com/2019/07/07/facade-of-inanna-temple/

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(Jan 2, 2022) Comparing and contrasting the western looking Druid civilization with the eastward looking Sumerian should provide deeper insights into both. The Druid people spoke Akkadian while the Sumerian people spoke Sumerian.

The main deities mentioned in these Sumerian temple texts are the crescent moon goddess INANNA and the sun god AN. The chaotic storm bull god BU also gets a mention in the Temple Plaque text. These are the mid-level deities of the Ancient Pagan Paradigm. Each Sumerian city had a temple which worked with all three although some would seem to gain later fame for their effectiveness with just one.

The Early Sign Sumerian Lexicon is used for these translations. It is found on this site at: About This Early-Sign Sumerian Lexicon 

Map of Sumer

Map of Sumer. (from 2021 British Museum video presentation by the site's modern lead archaeologist Sebastien Rey at https://www.britishmuseum.org/membership/events/excavations-girsu)

Irrigation canals around Girsu started to be built shortly after 6000 BCE based upon Carbon-14 dating of clam shells deposited in canal silt. (Sebastien Rey video)


The Sumerians invented writing starting around 3500 BCE. They did not speak Akkadian which was further north but instead spoke Sumerian. They were trading with the Indus valley during this time as well as evidenced by finding an Indus Valley weight (video by Sebastien Ray).

Notice the Persian Gulf extended much farther northwest than it does today. Its major cities were those on the Gulf being Uruk - Eridu/Ur, and Girsu - Lagash. Notice these city states were defined as couplets with an upstream city and a downstream city. Girsu in 2500 BCE was the same size as Athens (300 hectares) during its height in 500 BCE and just as productive culturally. Girsu was the home of the famous King Gudea.