Celtic Druids, Bards, and Vates According to Strabo - 10 CE

Statue of Stabo (63 BC – 24 CE) in his hometown of modern-day Amasya, Turkiye.  He was the leading geographer of the era. He journeyed to Egypt and Kush, as far west as coastal Tuscany and as far south as Ethiopia in addition to his travels in Asia Minor and the time he spent in Rome. Travel throughout the Mediterranean and Near East, especially for scholarly purposes, was popular during this era and was facilitated by the relative peace enjoyed throughout the reign of Augustus (27 BC – AD 14). He moved to Rome in 44 BC, and stayed there, studying and writing, until at least 31 BC. In 29 BC, on his way to Corinth (where Augustus was at the time), he visited the island of Gyaros in the Aegean Sea. Around 25 BC, he sailed up the Nile until he reached Philae, after which point there is little record of his travels until AD 17. 
Online at: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Statue_of_Strabo_in_Amasia.jpg

Druid Priestly Types and Reincarnation

(May 5, 2024) Strabo, book 4, Chapter 4, Section 4

Amongst [the Gauls] there are generally three divisions of' men especially reverenced, the Bards, the Vates, and the Druids. The Bards composed and chanted hymns; the Vates occupied themselves with the sacrifices and the study of nature; while the Druids joined to the study of nature that of moral philosophy. The belief in the justice [of the Druids] is so great that the decision both of public and private disputes is referred to them; and they have before now, by their decision, prevented armies from engaging when drawn up in battle-array against each other. All cases of murder are particularly referred to them. 

When there is plenty of these they imagine there will likewise be a plentiful harvest. Both these and the others assert that the soul is indestructible, and likewise the world, but that sometimes fire and sometimes water have prevailed in making great changes.


The Geography of Strabo. Literally translated, with notes, in three volumes. London. George Bell & Sons. 1903. Online at: https://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.01.0239%3Abook%3D4%3Achapter%3D4%3Asection%3D4


A 2nd century CE Greek plaque showing a priest and priestess performing a religious ritual. (Archaeological Museum of Piraeus). From: https://www.worldhistory.org/image/13802/ancient-greek-priest--priestess/

Classes of Druids, Bards and Vates From Druid Akkadian Runic Texts

(May 5, 2024)

Diviners (Akkadian Našu, Naša, Nīšu)

  1. Astrologers [Akkadian āmeru, āmiru]: These are diviners of the motions of the night sky's heavenly bodies. The motion of the night sky was considered to be one of the sources of motion powers alongside inner emotions.
  2. Seers [Akkadian barû, biru, beru] and Seeresses [Akkadian barûtu]: These are diviners of the natural world’s life manifestations. This is a rare division of a profession by gender.
  3. Bards [Akkadian phrase BR.D]: This phrase means "Seers of Life Manifestations" so this is just another name for the Seers.  These sorts of phrases started developing during the Roman and Greek classical periods. Apparently predictions of the Seers were spoken as poetic oracles as exemplified by the Oracle of Delphi. The word "Bard" comes to English via Celtic bardos, Greek bardos and Latin bardus.
  4. Magi [Akkadian mugu, magi, maga]: These are magical diviners specializing in emotional/spiritual healing due to hidden or suppressed influences. This sort of healing also includes emotion related physical ailments. Matthew 2.1 associates Jesus with the Magi by having them come from the east to honor his birth. This became the source for the English word "magic." 
  5. Watchers [Akkadian palilu]: These seem to combine the functions of astrologer and seer.

Magic Crafters/Enablers (Akkadian Maṣȗ) - For Motion/Emotion Power Class

  1. Celestial-Healers [Akkadian Asû]: These are the healers of the effects from the night sky motion powers. 
  2. Moon-Eyed-Ones [Akkadian Inu]: These are the crafters of night sky astrology-magic of fate are called moon eyed-ones. They attempt to change fate and seem to be the source of the term lunatic.
  3. Healers [Akkadian Ḫelû]: These are direct physical body healers who are associated with the sun's powers. This word became one of the Greek sun gods as “Helios.” The Greek god of healing Asclepios was thought to be a son of the other sun god, Apollo.

Priests/Vates (Fathers - Akkadian Abu) - For Life Class of Spiritual Powers

  1. Threaders [Akkadian ]: These people use rituals to adjust the connection of the life network. 
  2. Weavers, Vates [Akkadian utû, watu]:  "Weavers" are another name for “Threaders.”

Shepherds/Druids (Akkadian Rē’û, Rēyû, Rewû) - Integrate Both Classes of Powers

  1. Shepherds [Akkadian Rē’û, Rēyû, Rewû]: Shepherds herd and drive the movements of people and network birds (eagle-vultures and owls) by working with their emotions. In general they seek to keep all the various emotions/motivations in balance so that life may prosper. The gospel of Matthew associates Jesus with being a shepherd in addition to associating him with the Magi.
  2. Druids [Akkadian phrase D.RD]: This phrase means  Life Manifestation's Drivers and so this is just another name for the Shepherds.