Druid Ritual Knives (Athames)
Athames would have been used either during the ritual to prepare offertory food items or to create a sacred space by figuratively cutting off the mortal realm from the divine realm.
Godart, L. and Poursat, J-C (1978) Malia. Le Quartier Mu 1. Introduction générale par J.-Cl. Poursat. Écriture hiéroglyphique crétoise par L. Godart et J.-P. Olivier. Études crétoises, 23, 1978 - 2021 École Française d'Athènes. Online at: https://cefael.efa.gr/detail.php?site_id=1&actionID=page&serie_id=EtCret&volume_number=23&ce=oatbaqmb7gsvpv7saktgh9sd9dd7b3sr&sp=230
Translation into Akkadian
- ṣu nu ya | (3 knives) nu
- For activities which are not being revealed | (3 knives) for revealing.
This trade tag is a combination of text and pictures. These 3 athames (ritual knives) are being used in a ritual to cut through the fog of the material realm to reveal the spiritual realm.
Athame and Other Ritual Tools Around an Altar on the Mosaic floor at the Hamat Tiberius Synagogue in Galilee (400 CE)
Image showing ritual tools around a gateway altar on the mosaic floor at the Hamat Tiberius Synagogue in Galilee (400 CE). This floor also had a zodiac. Surrounding the gateway are a ritual knife (athame), a sistrum rattle (also used in Egypt), and a horn.
This Divine gateway has a draped cloth to represent the veil which separates the material from the spiritual realm. The seven candled menorah represents the seven heavens, that is, the seven sky-shells holding the celestial bodies (sun, moon, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn). The rounded arms represent these spherical sky shells.