Caves Become Square Temples - Sinai Serabit el-Khadim 1500 BCE

Map of temple at Serabit el-Khadim

(February 14, 2024) Map of temple at Serabit el-Khadim but in a reversed direction from image above it. The original grottos are on the right with the larger one devoted to Hathor (Ayu) and the smaller one being devoted to a god representing the local people called Sopdu.  Sopdu seems to have been a god representing the local people, that is, the Israelites who would have done most of the mining under the organization of the Minoans. It is an  Akkadian compound word meaning "Community of the Life-Powers" from Sâpu.Du. From their ancient texts, the ancient Pagan Israelites were devoted to the life power class of divine powers more than any other Druid culture.  The word "Israel" derives from the Akkadian phrase meaning "The righteous of Alu IŠR.AL)" in which Alu is the source of life powers. When female Pharaoh Hatshepsut (1473-1458 BCE.) built the first rooms of the processional path to the temple grottos she had one of its columns show her hugging Sopdu.  (Butin 1928).

The famous Egyptian temple at Karnak started to be built just before this time and it also began as a processional path towards some sacred space now lost to history. That space may have been the observatory area of Thebes or it may have been another small cave in some rock outcropping.


Image from: Butin, Romain F. (1928) The Seribit Inscriptions: II. The Decipherment and Significance of the Inscriptions. Harvard Theological Review. Vol 21 No. 1 pp. 9-67