Sabean Text Introduction 200-400 CE

DASI digital archive for the study of pre-Islamic Arabian inscriptions. Online at:

Political Map of Arabia Between 200 and 400 CE

Jérémie Schiettecatte, Mounir Arbach. (2016) The political map of Arabia and the Middle East in the 3rd century AD revealed by a Sabaean inscription - a view from the South. Arabian Archaeology and Epigraphy, Wiley, 27 (2), pp.176-196. 
Online at:

Arabian Oasis Map

Arabia developed around the southern trade route along the Red Sea. This route had both a land and sea component due to the intermittent sailing season governed by the Indian Ocean monsoons. The land trade route, while more expensive, continued year round and moved between these oases.

Now at the Ṣanʿāʾ, University Museum, number A-20-888. Measures 33.5 cm high, 26 cm wide, 12.7 cm thick. The inscription, said to have origin from al-Jawf in Yemen. Online at:


Now in the private collection of Shaykh M. al-ʿUbaykān of Saudi Arabia. Found at Jabal Riyām in Yemen. Online at:

Antonini 9


Antonini 1998: 267-269, fig. 9 - Antonini, Sabina 1998. South Arabian antiquities in a private collection in Ar-Riyaḍ (Saudi Arabia). With a note by Giovanni Mazzini. Arabian Archaeology and Epigraphy, 9/2: 261-272.