North Arabian Texts

DASI digital archive for the study of pre-Islamic Arabian inscriptions. The source for these texts is still a work in progress. Online at:

Political Map of Arabia Between 200 and 400 CE

Jérémie Schiettecatte, Mounir Arbach. (2016) The political map of Arabia and the Middle East in the 3rd century AD revealed by a Sabaean inscription - a view from the South. Arabian Archaeology and Epigraphy, Wiley, 27 (2), pp.176-196. 
Online at:

Arabian Oasis Map

Arabia developed around the southern trade route along the Red Sea. This route had both a land and sea component due to the intermittent sailing season governed by the Indian Ocean monsoons. The land trade route, while more expensive, continued year round and moved between these oases.