Because the glottal stop letter Ayin (') does not exit in Greek it came to be pronounced /th/ here which turns out to be the hermaphrodite deity Thu who represents the connective motion power of the Ancient Pagan Paradigm. Thu is shown on the other side of the coin. Thu came to be called Athena which literally means "those Thu powers" in Akkadian from A.Th.E.
Photos from NG coins at: https://www.ngccoin.com/news/article/2245/Ancients-Owls-Through-the-Years---A-Look-at-the-Evolution-of-Athenian-Tetradrachms/
Owl as Power of Connective Deity - Athu, Athe or Athena
Top image shows the archaic era Athenian coin appearing in 512 BCE. These coins were characterized by their thick, compact planchets. They were introduced by the Athenian king Hippias and supported by a seemingly limitless supply of silver from the newly discovered silver mines at nearby Laurium. Notice the olive branch behind the owl which was the source of Athens' prosperity prior to its silver mine. The owl image represents the magical divine powers of motion while the goddess Athena is the personification of those powers. Only the owl side has text which is not Greek but instead is Alphabetic Akkadian and its simply says "motion-powers."
Lower photo at top shows the classic era Athenian coin minted after 450 BCE. This coin better shows the letters which are Aleph, Ayin, and He or "A'e" which is the Akkadian word for “motion powers” in which /e/ is the suffix used indicating the divine entity is a power and not a person. (Olmsted Jan. 1, 2022). Notice the addition of the crescent moon behind the owl showing Athena was acquiring the life powers of the goddess Ayu in an ongoing lordification process.
Athu can also be read as "this Thu" from A.Th and Athe from A.Th.E. as "this Thu power" or "this is Thu power."
ReferencesOlmsted, D.D. (January 14, 2021) Translation of Calf-Bearer Text from Pre-Parthenon Athens in Alphabetic Akkadian References Drought (499 BCE). Humanities Commons Permanent URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.17613/00gp-tm8 Online at: https://www.academia.edu/44902458/Translation_of_Calf_Bearer_Text_from_Pre_Parthenon_Athens_in_Alphabetic_Akkadian_References_Drought_499_BCE
Olmsted, D.D (January 1, 2022) Mediterranean Akkadian Lexicon 3rd Edition – 2022. DOI Permanent URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.17613/nbb6-wg16. Online at: https://www.academia.edu/66851810/Mediterranean_Akkadian_Lexicon_3rd_Edition_2022
This rare Athenian owl coin type actually has the letter teth (Greek theta) between the A and E instead of an ayin indicating people knew the difference and the word was being changed towards "Athe.". Athens. Circa 510-500/490 BC. AR Tetradrachm (22mm, 17.16 g). Picture online at: https://www.numisbids.com/n.php?p=lot&sid=6823&lot=106
Owl Coins Found in the Levant Dating to Around 500 BCE
In Akkadian(read top to bottom (right to left)
- [Ḫ]u’u IWu E
- Astrological-Owls redirect nothing
Gitler, Haim (2011 ) The Earliest Coin of Judah. In Israel Numismatic Research. Published by the Israel Numismatic Society, Volume 6
- Ḫu’u IWu A
- Astrological-owls redirect this
Life Guiding Powers of Star Sirius 150 BCE
(September 13, 2023) Image is of the star Sirius. The letter style is close to that of the Jerusalem war coins indicating this letter style was an international style.
Translation in Akkadian (Med Text 30.1)(Read right to left. Capital letters on seal. Small letters are inferred Inner vowels. Verb is italic bold)
- ŠeDu ReṬu Du
(Dual use letters are E/H, I/Y, U/W, and '/A in which vowel appears at beginning of words except for Yahu which is keeping its traditional Hebrew transliteration)
- Sprout the channels of life-manifestations
ReferencesImages from from AMANDA LAOUPI (2016) THE PELASGIAN SPIRITUAL SUBSTRATUM OF BRONZE AGE MEDITERRANEAN AND CIRCUM-PONTIC WORLD. Originally in Poole R.S. (1886) A Catelogue of Greek Coins in the British Museum. Crete and Aegean Islands. London: Tribner and Co; Online at: https://www.academia.edu/30363358/THE_SPIRITUAL_SUBSTRATUM_OF_BRONZE_AGE_MEDITERRANEAN_and_CIRCUM_PONTIC_WORLD_doc?email_work_card=title
Location of Kea Island
The first settlement on the island dates to 3300 BC. Another settlement at Agia Irini dates to the third millennium and flourished for 1500 years. By 2000 BC this settlement was fortified and the island became more Minoan until the Mycenaeans invaded Greece. The town was destroyed at around 1500 BC and from that point on the settlement of Korissa, the current port, became more important.
From the 12th Century the island was colonized by Ionians from the mainland and known as Keos. By the 6th Century four independent cities were formed, known as Karthea (top print), Korissia, Ioulis, Poiessa. These cities had individual political structures though they would cooperate with each other in matters of foreign policy and security. Ioulis was inland while the other three cities sat on bays and sheltered harbors. They traded with civilizations as far away as Egypt and developed their art and culture. (from https://www.greektravel.com/greekislands/kea/history.html)