Athenian Coins (512 BCE on)

For translation methodology see: How to Translate Alphabetic Akkadian Texts

Athenian coins
Athenian coins
Top image shows the two types of Athenian coins which started to be minted after 512 BCE. The text is Alphabetic Akkadian A'E meaning "motion Power." This owl is thus the emotion owl called Aku in Akkadian.
Because the glottal stop letter Ayin (') does not exit in  Greek it came to be pronounced /th/ here which turns out to be the hermaphrodite deity Thu who represents the connective motion power of the Ancient Pagan Paradigm. Thu is shown on the other side of the coin. Thu came to be called Athena which literally means "those Thu powers" in Akkadian from A.Th.E.
Photos from NG coins at:
owl at the Acropolis museum in Athens
Bottom photo shows the owl at the Acropolis museum in Athens (Olmsted photo 2019)

Owl as Power of Connective Deity - Athu, Athe or Athena

(July 3, 2022) Greek culture was a mix of Akkadian farmer and Indo-European Invader cultures and the attempted reconciliation of those two cultures gave Greek culture its dynamism. The following is the Alphabetic Akkadian Lexicon entry for spiritual motion-powers (Olmsted Jan 1 2022):

A’ or ‘W or AW or ‘A or AA (after 500 BCE) [Akkadian a’û] motion space, motion-powers (a’u + i) (noun), motion empowered (adj), to motion-empower – One of the two classes of divine powers of the Ancient Pagan Paradigm. Motion powers cause all translational movement on earth and also causes the life network’s fertility fluids to flow. The fertility-fluid pushers are the divine owls (Aku emotion owls and Hu’u astrological owls). Its source is the masculine full moon Su. Its sub-powers are: IM - emotional powers and IR - astrological powers. Their respective magic crafters are: AMR - "seer" or "astrologer" and R’, RY - shepherd. The other class is the life-growth powers (D from du). The ayin sign by itself as a round circle can symbolically represent the moon allowing the sign to be used in isolation. The Athenians personified this power class and slurred the ayin (‘) as the goddess Athe (Aleph-Ayin-He) or Athene (Aleph Ayin Nun) meaning “motion power” and “motion-powers” respectively. 

Top image shows the archaic era Athenian coin appearing in 512 BCE. These coins were characterized by their thick, compact planchets. They were introduced by the Athenian king Hippias and supported by a seemingly limitless supply of silver from the newly discovered silver mines at nearby Laurium. Notice the olive branch behind the owl which was the source of Athens' prosperity prior to its silver mine. The owl image represents the magical divine powers of motion while the goddess Athena is the personification of those powers. Only the owl side has text which is not Greek but instead is Alphabetic Akkadian and its simply says "motion-powers."

Lower photo at top shows the classic era Athenian coin minted after 450 BCE. This coin better shows the letters which are Aleph, Ayin, and He or "A'e" which is the Akkadian word for “motion powers” in which /e/ is the suffix used indicating the divine entity is a power and not a person. (Olmsted Jan. 1, 2022). Notice the addition of the crescent moon behind the owl showing Athena was  acquiring the life powers of the goddess Ayu in an ongoing lordification process.

Athu can also be read as "this Thu" from A.Th and Athe from A.Th.E. as "this Thu power" or "this is Thu power."


Olmsted, D.D. (January 14, 2021) Translation of Calf-Bearer Text from Pre-Parthenon Athens in Alphabetic Akkadian References Drought (499 BCE). Humanities Commons Permanent URL: Online at:
Olmsted, D.D (January 1, 2022) Mediterranean Akkadian Lexicon 3rd Edition – 2022. DOI Permanent URL: Online at:

This rare Athenian owl coin type actually has the letter teth (Greek theta) between the A and E instead of an ayin indicating people knew the difference and the word was being changed towards "Athe.". Athens. Circa 510-500/490 BC. AR Tetradrachm (22mm, 17.16 g). Picture online at:

Owl Coins Found in the Levant Dating to Around 500 BCE


In Akkadian

(read top to bottom (right to left)
  1. [Ḫ]u’u  IWu  E

In English

  1. Astrological-Owls redirect nothing


Gitler, Haim (2011 ) The Earliest Coin of Judah. In Israel Numismatic Research. Published by the Israel Numismatic Society, Volume 6


In Akkadian

  1. Ḫu’u  IWu  A

In English

  1. Astrological-owls redirect this
Sirius on a bronze coin from Karthaia, Keos island, Greece (100-200 BCE)

Life Guiding Powers of Star Sirius 150 BCE

(September 13, 2023) Image is of the star Sirius. The letter style is close to that of the Jerusalem war coins indicating this letter style was an international style.

Translation in Akkadian (Med Text 30.1)

(Read right to left. Capital letters on seal. Small letters are inferred Inner vowels. Verb is italic bold)
  1.  ŠeDu  ReṬu  Du

(Dual use letters are E/H, I/Y, U/W, and '/A in which vowel appears at beginning of words except for Yahu which is keeping its traditional Hebrew transliteration)

In English. 

  1.  Sprout the channels of life-manifestations


Images from from AMANDA LAOUPI (2016) THE PELASGIAN SPIRITUAL SUBSTRATUM OF BRONZE AGE MEDITERRANEAN AND CIRCUM-PONTIC WORLD. Originally in Poole R.S. (1886) A Catelogue of Greek Coins in the British Museum. Crete and Aegean Islands. London: Tribner and Co; Online at:

Location of Kea Island

Kea is the ancient island of Hydrossa, home of the nymphs who lived near the many springs and fountains which kept the island lush during pre-historic times. The Great drought of 1170 BCE which ended the Bronze Age seems to have dried up the flow of these springs and the island became dry. This was perceived as the island being taken over by the star Sirius and such stories enter later mythology. Originally, the highest point on the island was designated as a sanctuary to the rain-god Ikmaios Zeus.  
The first settlement on the island dates to 3300 BC. Another settlement at Agia Irini dates to the third millennium and flourished for 1500 years. By 2000 BC this settlement was fortified and the island became more Minoan until the Mycenaeans invaded Greece. The town was destroyed at around 1500 BC and from that point on the settlement of Korissa, the current port, became more important.
From the 12th Century the island was colonized by Ionians from the mainland and known as Keos. By the 6th Century four independent cities were formed, known as Karthea (top print), Korissia, Ioulis, Poiessa. These cities had individual political structures though they would cooperate with each other in matters of foreign policy and security. Ioulis was inland while the other three cities sat on bays and sheltered harbors. They traded with civilizations as far away as Egypt and developed their art and culture. (from

Karthaia Today On Kea Island

This valley is the harbor core of the ancient city of Karthaia which was also the spiritual center of the island of Kea. At the left on the top of the cliff is the temple to the sun god Apollo. On the cliff to the left if the temple of Athena ("powers of Thu"). So one side was dedicated to the life powers and the other side was dedicated to the magical motion powers. In the center in the valley is the amphitheater which originated like all early Greek amphitheaters originated as a place to do public rituals. The harbor extended out into the sea which originally had a stone jetty to protect it.